In this kind of binding, the cover is made of paper. Only stable, tough and robust types of paper are suitable for covers, as there is real strain on the book at the hinge - e.g. dyed natural papers or printed, laminated papers. Laminating reinforces the coated paper and creates different effects (gloss, matt, soft touch, embossing and other effects).
The cover of these hard cover books is made from a book binding cloth. Depending on the structure and surface composition, the material can be printed using offset or screen printing methods before the cover is produced.
For artificial leather binding, a support material coated with plastic is used instead of paper or cloth. The support materials are paper, non-woven fabric or cloth. Here, too, titles or decorative elements can be printed on using screen printing or embossed.
With half-binding, a higher quality material is used around the spine, e.g. cloth, leather or parchment. The paper cover is glued over the spine strip.
The cover material for this hard cover type should preferably be flexible cloth. The "soft" and bendy cover is achieved by using a thin or three-ply, non-glued cover.